EI+05+Africa+1453-1914

In the fifteenth century despite a common culture and

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Unformatted text preview: mmigrants from Arabia. In the fifteenth century, despite a common culture and a language Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 5: Africa, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 1 shared by merchants—Swahili—there was no political unity and the region was divided into a number of city-states. Southern Africa The Bantu began to move into southern Africa around 500 C.E. About 1000 C.E. there is evidence of the appearance of large and sophisticated states: buildings made from stone, advanced iron forging, gold mining, and income inequality. The last of the great kingdoms before the arrival of Europeans was Great Zimbabwe which dominated south Africa from 1100-1450. Great Zimbabwe acquired cattle, gold, and copper (either by trade or by taxation) from a region hundreds of miles across, and its cities became centers of pottery and textile production, and it exported gold to the Middle East and India. Great Zimbabwe suddenly collapsed in 1450 and was replaced by several smaller kingdoms. the Sokoto Caliphate in what is now Nigeria and Camaroon, ruling a territo...
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