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Unformatted text preview: mmigrants from Arabia. In the fifteenth
century, despite a common culture and a language Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 5: Africa, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 1 shared by merchants—Swahili—there was no political
unity and the region was divided into a number of
The Bantu began to move into southern Africa
around 500 C.E. About 1000 C.E. there is evidence of
the appearance of large and sophisticated states:
buildings made from stone, advanced iron forging,
gold mining, and income inequality.
The last of the great kingdoms before the arrival of
Europeans was Great Zimbabwe which dominated
south Africa from 1100-1450. Great Zimbabwe
acquired cattle, gold, and copper (either by trade or by
taxation) from a region hundreds of miles across, and
its cities became centers of pottery and textile
production, and it exported gold to the Middle East
and India. Great Zimbabwe suddenly collapsed in
1450 and was replaced by several smaller kingdoms. the Sokoto Caliphate in what is now Nigeria and
Camaroon, ruling a territo...
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- Great Zimbabwe