Unformatted text preview: thern Africa after 650.
In the western Sudan in the late 700s, the Kingdom of Ghana (in what is now Mauritania) was the first
African kingdom to benefit from trade with the Arab
world. The rulers of Ghana traded gold, ivory, and
slaves for horses, textiles, and salt. After 900, the kings
of Ghana converted to Islam, and the religion began to
spread among the general population. The Kingdom
of Ghana fell in 1235 when it was absorbed into the
The Mali Empire ruled all of west Africa until the
middle of the 1400s. Mansa Musa (1312-1337) was
king of the Mali Empire at its height. He controlled
(and taxed) all west African trade and became
immensely wealthy. He promoted the spread of Islam,
sponsoring religious schools and building mosques.
His pilgrimage to Mecca, where he gave lavish gifts to
his hosts, made him famous in the Arab world.
In 1500, all of western Sudan was ruled by the
Songhai Empire, a powerful state which thrived on
trade with the Mediterranean world, exchanging gold,
ivory, and slaves for horse...
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- Spring '14
- Great Zimbabwe, modern world history, D. G. Rowley