EI+05+Africa+1453-1914

It is estimated that one quarter of all slaves died

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Unformatted text preview: e effects on the lives of the slaves was horrific. It is estimated that one quarter of all slaves died in the holds of slave ships before they arrived in the New World. Those who survived were treated like animals and were worked to death on plantations. East Africa In 1498, Vasco da Gama led a Portuguese fleet which took control of the trade routes of the Indian Ocean and Eastern Africa. At the end of the 1500s, Portugal conquered Mogadishu and Mombasa, but a century later, in 1698, the Portuguese were defeated and driven out by the Muslim ruler of Oman (on the Arabian Peninsula). In 1698, the Portuguese were defeated and driven out of Mogadishu and Mombasa by the Muslim ruler of Oman (on the Arabian Peninsula). This meant independence for Eastern Africa, since the ruler of Oman was occupied with civil wars and invasions by Iran. Mombasa was governed by the Mazrui, a clan from Oman, but they acted independently of Oman and in the interests of the local Swahili merchants. Mombasa controlled Eastern African trade. The Mazrui clan ruled until 1837, when the Sultan of Oman, defeated them, and r...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.

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