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the lives of the slaves was horrific. It is estimated that
one quarter of all slaves died in the holds of slave
ships before they arrived in the New World. Those
who survived were treated like animals and were
worked to death on plantations. East Africa
In 1498, Vasco da Gama led a Portuguese fleet
which took control of the trade routes of the Indian
Ocean and Eastern Africa. At the end of the 1500s,
Portugal conquered Mogadishu and Mombasa, but a
century later, in 1698, the Portuguese were defeated
and driven out by the Muslim ruler of Oman (on the
In 1698, the Portuguese were defeated and driven
out of Mogadishu and Mombasa by the Muslim ruler
of Oman (on the Arabian Peninsula). This meant
independence for Eastern Africa, since the ruler of
Oman was occupied with civil wars and invasions by
Iran. Mombasa was governed by the Mazrui, a clan
from Oman, but they acted independently of Oman
and in the interests of the local Swahili merchants.
Mombasa controlled Eastern African trade. The
Mazrui clan ruled until 1837, when the Sultan of Oman, defeated them, and r...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.
- Spring '14
- Great Zimbabwe