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Unformatted text preview: n that year the
British (rulers of the oceans of the world) outlawed the
slave trade. It took more than half a century for Britain
to entirely suppress the slave trade.
The period 1870-1914 is known as the “Scramble
for Africa” because it was in this period that European
nations (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and
Belgium) invaded, divided up, and colonized the
entire continent, as you can see in the maps above.
There are too many individual nations in Africa
to cover in detail, so I have chosen a number of
nations in different parts of Africa that exemplify
various important trends in African history. Western Sudan
In 1804 a Muslim Fulani cleric, Usman dan Fodio
began the most important of the West African jihads.
He established the Sokoto Caliphate in what is now
Nigeria and Camaroon, ruling a territory one
thousand miles wide.
In 1852 Umar Tal, another Muslim leader led a
jihad to the east which brought an even larger
territory under Muslim rule. By the end of the
nineteenth century, the population of all of the
Western Sudan was Musl...
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- Spring '14
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