It took more than half a century for britain to

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Unformatted text preview: n that year the British (rulers of the oceans of the world) outlawed the slave trade. It took more than half a century for Britain to entirely suppress the slave trade. The period 1870-1914 is known as the “Scramble for Africa” because it was in this period that European nations (Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Belgium) invaded, divided up, and colonized the entire continent, as you can see in the maps above. There are too many individual nations in Africa to cover in detail, so I have chosen a number of nations in different parts of Africa that exemplify various important trends in African history. Western Sudan In 1804 a Muslim Fulani cleric, Usman dan Fodio began the most important of the West African jihads. He established the Sokoto Caliphate in what is now Nigeria and Camaroon, ruling a territory one thousand miles wide. In 1852 Umar Tal, another Muslim leader led a jihad to the east which brought an even larger territory under Muslim rule. By the end of the nineteenth century, the population of all of the Western Sudan was Musl...
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