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Unformatted text preview: uest to convert
colony in Latin America. Probably 2,000,000 slaves
unbelievers to Islam. The first jihad, by a pastoral
were taken from Angola, alone.
people, the Fulani, began around 1650 and at the
beginning of the 1700s, they had created an Islamic
Although they could not seize territory on the
theocracy on the West African savannah.
mainland of Africa, the Portuguese were able to
The Fulani empire was expanded in 1804 by a
occupy some islands off the coast of Central Africa
Muslim cleric, Usman dan Fodio who led the most
where they established sugarcane plantations and
important of the West African jihads. He established
Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 5: Africa, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 2 sugar mills. They began to buy slaves from the
mainland to work the plantations and mills. The
demand for slaves increased in the 1500s as the
Portuguese began to need workers for the plantations
they were making in Brazil.
In the 1570s, Portuguese armies were able to
briefly gain a foothold in the Congo territory, and they
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.
- Spring '14
- Great Zimbabwe