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Unformatted text preview: ainly in the south. Islam, the dominant
religion in the north, was impervious to missionary
The British built roads and railroads and
encouraged the production of cash crops, such as
palm oil and palm nuts, cocoa, cotton, and peanuts.
Cities grew. A westernized African elite appeared,
and a few were allowed to serve on legislative
councils, but they were not given real power. In the
cities African workers formed self-help organizations
based on ethnicity. Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 5: Africa, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 4 Congo
Slavery lasted longer in the Congo River region
than anywhere else in Africa. Brazil did not outlaw
slavery until 1888 and Spain, which owned Cuba until
1898, also used slaves on Cuban tobacco plantations.
Despite British attempts to suppress the slave trade,
private slave traders continued to export slaves to the
King Leopold II of Belgium intervened in Central
Africa, shutting down private trading firms and
taking control of the region...
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