The british built roads and railroads and encouraged

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Unformatted text preview: ainly in the south. Islam, the dominant religion in the north, was impervious to missionary activity. The British built roads and railroads and encouraged the production of cash crops, such as palm oil and palm nuts, cocoa, cotton, and peanuts. Cities grew. A westernized African elite appeared, and a few were allowed to serve on legislative councils, but they were not given real power. In the cities African workers formed self-help organizations based on ethnicity. Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 5: Africa, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 4 Congo Slavery lasted longer in the Congo River region than anywhere else in Africa. Brazil did not outlaw slavery until 1888 and Spain, which owned Cuba until 1898, also used slaves on Cuban tobacco plantations. Despite British attempts to suppress the slave trade, private slave traders continued to export slaves to the New World. King Leopold II of Belgium intervened in Central Africa, shutting down private trading firms and taking control of the region...
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