Unformatted text preview: homey, arose on the Gold Coast. Their rulers
only resisted the Ottoman Empire, but the Portuguese,
organized slave-raiding armies that preyed on
as well. In the 1400s, as Portugal sailed southward
neighboring regions in the interior of the continent.
along the coast of Africa, searching for a sea route
Even Benin, which at first refused to sell slaves to the
around Africa to India, it had seized a number of ports
Europeans, gave in because of the high prices offered
on the coast of Morocco. Religious leaders in Morocco,
by the Europeans.
however, united against the Christian threat, and in
All together, approximately 12 million slaves were
1578, Portugal was decisively defeated, and its
shipped from Africa to the New World (9.5
expansion into Africa stopped.
million—about 3/4—survived the voyage). However,
the height of the slave trade occurred between 1700
In 1464, the Songhai empire appeared in the
and 1850, when 70% of the total number of slaves
western Sudan. It was a powerful...
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