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Unformatted text preview: the Belgian military. Farmers who did not deliver the
required amount of rubber had arms or legs
amputated. This continued until 1908 when, thanks to
publicity generated by missionaries, the Belgian
parliament took Belgium out of the hands of their king
and managed it along more humane lines.
Under the Belgian parliament the worst abuses of
natives came to an end. But economic
development—construction of roads, telegraphs, and
railroads—benefitted Europeans not Africans.
Plantations and mines were established, with
Europeans as the managers and Africans the workers.
Missionaries, particularly Roman Catholics
(Belgium is a Catholic country), played an important
role in providing medicine and elementary education,
but virtually no secondary education was provided for
the Congolese until after the Second World War. Eastern Africa
The independence of the city-states of East Africa
came to an end in 1837, when the Sultan of Oman
conquered the region and once again extended Omani
rule over Eastern Africa. This lasted only...
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- Spring '14
- Great Zimbabwe