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quotas for cotton production.)
In 1902 the coastal region was separated off to Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 5: Africa, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 5 the African natives. In the 1850s, they created two
republics, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal.
Then, in 1867 when diamonds and gold were
discovered in Boer territory, miners flooded the
region, and the economy boomed. Railroads were
built connecting both republics with Capetown, and
the European population increased from 300,000 in
1870 to 1 million in 1900.
In 1890, Cecil Rhodes became Prime Minister of
the Cape Colony, with the goal of annexing both Boer
colonies and creating a federation of contiguous
British colonies from Egypt all the way south to Cape
Colony. Furthermore, Britain wanted access to the
wealth of the gold and diamond mines.
Rhodes began to encourage the non-Boer
Europeans (known as Uitlanders) in the region to
overthrow the Boer government and join with Cape
Cape Colony, on the sout...
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