Wk 5 africa 1453 1914 d g rowley 2004 rev 2011 5 the

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Unformatted text preview: et quotas for cotton production.) In 1902 the coastal region was separated off to Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 5: Africa, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 5 the African natives. In the 1850s, they created two republics, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal. Then, in 1867 when diamonds and gold were discovered in Boer territory, miners flooded the region, and the economy boomed. Railroads were built connecting both republics with Capetown, and the European population increased from 300,000 in 1870 to 1 million in 1900. In 1890, Cecil Rhodes became Prime Minister of the Cape Colony, with the goal of annexing both Boer colonies and creating a federation of contiguous British colonies from Egypt all the way south to Cape Colony. Furthermore, Britain wanted access to the wealth of the gold and diamond mines. Rhodes began to encourage the non-Boer Europeans (known as Uitlanders) in the region to South Africa overthrow the Boer government and join with Cape Cape Colony, on the sout...
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