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Unformatted text preview: olden Age in the fifteenth
distance trade was limited to goods that were easy to
century continued after 1700. In 1700, Nadir Shah of
carry and valuable. Chief among the goods traded
Iran, defeated the Uzbek ruling dynasty of Central
was silk, and this trade has been known ever since as
Asia, and the region broke apart. Various Uzbek tribal
the Silk Road.
leaders then established three small khanates centered
Between 200 BCE and 200 CE the Silk Road
on the cities of Khiva, Bukhara, and Kokand.
extended from China to the Roman Empire. From then
until the Commercial Revolution after 1500, it was one
of the major trade routes connecting Europe with
“Turkestan” was never a separate nation or state,
Asia. The center of this trading system was in Central
but refers to the part of Central Asia north of
Asia; it was here that goods from China, India, Iran,
Afghanistan that is made up of the current nations
Mesopotamia, the Mediterranean, and Northern
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and
Europe came together and were redistributed. (The
major cities were Samarkand, Bukhara, and Tashkent,
Russia captured the city of Tashkent in 1865 and
all in present-day Uzbekistan.)
made it the capital of a new province, Turkestan, to be
Central Asia has also been the gateway through
a base of operations from which to annex the entire
which invading steppe nomads—such as the Mongols
region. By 1881, Russia had conquered all of Central
and the Turks—have invaded the Middle East and
Asia from the border of China to the Caspian Sea.
Russia then went on to exploit Central Asia like a
colony, using it as a supplier of raw materials and a
Central Asia after the Mongols
market for exported goods. Russian policies fostered
In Central Asia Mongol rule was brought to an
cotton production at the expense of food crops, which
end by a Turk nomadic tribal leader named Timur
made the region dependent on the import of wheat
(known in Europe as Tamerlane). By 1370, Timur had
from Russia. In the cities, the native population was
completed the conquest of Central Asia, making
outnumbered by Russian immigr...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.
- Spring '14