In 1856 robert clive an agent of the english east

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Unformatted text preview: e with the beginning of the Seven Years’ War, when France allied with Indian princes against English forces. In 1856, Robert Clive, an agent of the English East India Company, with only a small army (1000 English and 2000 sepoys) used alliances with enemies of the ruler of Bengal to overthrow him and seize power. Clive reported that he was victorious because of superior European weapons and military training, but it was really due to the disunity of his enemies and his skill at diplomacy. The province of Bengal was hugely wealthy, and the East India Company began to exploit it in two ways: by levying high taxes, and enforcing a British monopoly on trade that allowed it to set high prices for British goods and low prices for Indian goods. As a result, Britain’s trade deficit was replaced with a trade surplus, and the Indian economy suffered. In addition, taxes on Bengal paid for a massive increase in the size of the East India Company’s army, which reached 115,000 in 1782. The East India Company then used this army to conquer the rest of India. By 1818 the conquest was complete. British rule was in two forms. About half of India was directly ruled as a possession of the East India Company. British law applied and was administered by agents of the East India Company. The remaining half was technically under the sovereign rule of Indian princes, but in exchange for subsidies and “protection”, they gave the British freedom to run the economy and administration. Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 4: South and Central Asia, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 3 cotton cloth). weapons and military organization, because of the Indian handicraft industry was destroyed by lack of unified leadership among the rebels, the native cheap manufactured goods from India—especially princes’ fear of anarchy, and the inability of Hindus cloth, but other goods as well. This increased pressure and Muslims to cooperate with one another. on the land. The proportion of the population th...
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