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In 1909 for example indians could be essentials of

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Unformatted text preview: d Indians to participate in the raw materials (cash crops), such as cotton, tea, and wheat, and to import manufactured goods (principally government. In 1909, for example, Indians could be Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 4: South and Central Asia, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 4 elected to provincial legislative councils. However, not and scholars in Bukhara and Samarkand made Central only was the right to vote limited to wealthy, western- Asia one of the centers of Muslim culture. However, the Timurids became embroiled in civil educated men, but half of the members of the councils wars among themselves, and they were unable to were British delegates appointed by the viceroy. defend against a new wave of nomads, the Uzbeks, who began to move in from the north around 1450. By CENTRAL ASIA 1510, Uzbek leader Muhammad Shaybani ruled Central Asia from his capital in Bukhara. For the next The Silk Road and Central Asia two hundred years, Uzbek rule continued. However, The borderland between Inner and Outer Shaybani and his successors were enemies of the Eurasia, just south of the steppe, is a band of desert Safavid Dynasty in Iran (Shah Isma’il had in fact killed and semi-desert, dotted with oases, lakes, and rivers Muhammad Shaybani in battle in 1510). Because of that extends from the Caspian Sea through the this, Central Asia became isolated from Middle highlands of Mongolia. It was predominantly in this Eastern culture and its golden age came to an end. In region that sedentary and nomadic peoples came in addition, the economy declined both because of contact with one another. conflict with Iran and because of the commercial This borderland was also a trade route connecting revolution in Europe. China, India, and Mesopotamia with one another and The decline of Central Asia (the current countries with the farmers and herders of Inner Eurasia. In the of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan, and era of land transportation by pack animal, long Kyrgyzstan) from its G...
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