Unformatted text preview: d Indians to participate in the
raw materials (cash crops), such as cotton, tea, and
wheat, and to import manufactured goods (principally government. In 1909, for example, Indians could be
Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 4: South and Central Asia, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 4 elected to provincial legislative councils. However, not and scholars in Bukhara and Samarkand made Central
only was the right to vote limited to wealthy, western- Asia one of the centers of Muslim culture.
However, the Timurids became embroiled in civil
educated men, but half of the members of the councils
wars among themselves, and they were unable to
were British delegates appointed by the viceroy.
defend against a new wave of nomads, the Uzbeks,
who began to move in from the north around 1450. By
1510, Uzbek leader Muhammad Shaybani ruled
Central Asia from his capital in Bukhara. For the next
The Silk Road and Central Asia
two hundred years, Uzbek rule continued. However,
The borderland between Inner and Outer
Shaybani and his successors were enemies of the
Eurasia, just south of the steppe, is a band of desert
Safavid Dynasty in Iran (Shah Isma’il had in fact killed
and semi-desert, dotted with oases, lakes, and rivers
Muhammad Shaybani in battle in 1510). Because of
that extends from the Caspian Sea through the
this, Central Asia became isolated from Middle
highlands of Mongolia. It was predominantly in this
Eastern culture and its golden age came to an end. In
region that sedentary and nomadic peoples came in
addition, the economy declined both because of
contact with one another.
conflict with Iran and because of the commercial
This borderland was also a trade route connecting
revolution in Europe.
China, India, and Mesopotamia with one another and
The decline of Central Asia (the current countries
with the farmers and herders of Inner Eurasia. In the
of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan, and
era of land transportation by pack animal, long
Kyrgyzstan) from its G...
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