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In communications industry education and who took

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Unformatted text preview: ants who were Samarkand his capital, and then went on to conquer employed in the civil service, transportation and Iran, most of the Middle East, and northern India. In communications, industry, education, and who took 1405, Timur led his armies to invade China, but he over commerce as well. died en route, and his armies turned back. Central Asian Muslims were not considered His descendants, the Timurids, ruled Central Asia citizens and were not expected to integrate into for the rest of the century, and in this period was a Russian society. They frequently rebelled against golden age of literature, arts, and architecture. Poets Russian economic policies, which only reinforced the Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 4: South and Central Asia, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 5 Russian belief that Central Asians were backward. The nomadic peoples of Central Asia had a weak sense of ethnic identity and were usually mobilized not by secular nationalists but by Muslim leaders. During a cholera epidemic in Tashkent in 1892 riots broke out because men did not want their wives and daughters to be examined by male doctors and because the authorities insisted on immediate burial of victims. Russian attempts at flood control and locust control were opposed as interfering with God’s plan. In 1898, an Holy War was declared in Fergana that required 2000 troops to suppress. Sporadic rebellions continued until World War I, and beyond. AFGHANISTAN Historically, the territory now known as Afghanistan, was the home of tribal nomads who were fiercely loyal to their local kinship groups: family, clan, and tribe. The region was made part of the great empires of the past, from the Persians to the Mongols to the Mughals (India) and the Safavids (Iran). However, rule by foreigners is always brief. No matter how much Afghan tribes might fight among themselves, they always united against outsiders. Indeed, they were such effective fights that they were frequently hired as mercenaries by their neighbo...
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