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Indian troop strength was reduced pensions of civil

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Unformatted text preview: also complained about the (machine guns and artillery) were given only to drain of natural resources from India, the high British regiments. Indian troop strength was reduced pensions of civil service officials who retired in from 240,000 to 140,000. The British increasingly isolated themselves from England, and the size of the Indian army (paid for by Indians. They lived in guarded camps outside Indian Indian taxes but used for British Imperial purposes). The Indian National Congress was made up of cities. Increasing numbers of British women emigrated members of the professional class. More than half to India, as wives or hopeful wives, and intermarriage between Indians and Britons virtually ended. This was were lawyers and the rest were journalists, teachers, businessmen, and other professionals. The were reinforced by the rise of scientific racism in Europe mostly Hindu (and Brahman, the highest Hindu which taught that racial intermarriage was “bad for caste). Only two were Muslim. the species.” Respect and admiration for Indian Muslims, who were a minority in India, were society and culture was replaced with fear and wary of the independence movement, since the British contempt. told them that an independent Hindu nation would In the middle of the nineteenth century the government raised about half of its income from taxes discriminate against Muslims. In 1906, the Muslim League was formed in order to promote Muslim on farmers. Other major sources of funds were interests; it declared its loyalty to the English government monopolies on production of opium to government and criticized the INC. sell in China and on the production and sale of salt. At the same time, however, more radical In the second half of the nineteenth century, nationalists called on the British to leave and resorted Britain’s principal contribution to Indian economic to violence. When some British officials were development was continued railroad construction. assassinated, the government responded by arresting From 1858 to 1914, 35,000 miles of track was built. and jailing suspects without trial. However, the goal was not Indian prosperity, but to In response to pressure from the INC, the British promote colonial economic policies, that is, to export gradually allowe...
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