Unformatted text preview: ted his
government attempting to extend Mughal rule in the
south. Most damaging of all, he began to favor
orthodox Islam and to rescind all the privileges he had
given to Hindus (who were the great majority of the
population). He prevented the construction of new
temples, destroyed temples and schools, and once
again imposed the tax on non-Muslims.
After Aurangzeb’s death in 1707, the Mughal
Empire experienced rebellions and foreign invasion. The Mughal Empire and Europe.
India was the ultimate goal of the explorers of the
Age of Discovery. (The natives of the New World are
called “Indians” because Columbus thought he had
discovered India.) In 1498 Vasco da Gama first
reached India, and the Portuguese quickly seized
control of Indian Ocean trade routes and built trading
posts on the coast of India. After 1600, the Dutch navy
arrived in the Indian Ocean with the goal of taking
away Portugal’s control of trade which they largely
succeeded in doing.
England, which had established the East India
Company in 1600, came with a different goal—not just
trade but to create permanent English settlements.
Agents of the English East India Company assimilated
into Indian culture, learning the local customs and
languages, including Persian, the language of Mughal
administration. Many married Indian women and
Mughal Empire (1526-1761)
settled down. The English thus forged a bond with
In 1504, Babur, a Mongol prince from Central Asia, Indian merchants and Mughal administrators, so they
organized an army of Turks and Mongols, and
were able to get preferential treatment over their
conquered Afghanistan. Then, using Kabul as a base, European competitors.
he invaded northern India and in 1526 announced the
In 1717, the Mughal ruler gave the English a large
creation of the Mughal Empire. The Mughal hold on
grant of land near Calcutta. They soon added new
power was rather tenuous until the reign of Akbar
territories–which were basically extensions of
(1556-1605), who expanded and consolidated Mughal England; they were governed according to English
rule and cre...
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- Spring '14