Most damaging of all he began to favor orthodox islam

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Unformatted text preview: ted his government attempting to extend Mughal rule in the south. Most damaging of all, he began to favor orthodox Islam and to rescind all the privileges he had given to Hindus (who were the great majority of the population). He prevented the construction of new temples, destroyed temples and schools, and once again imposed the tax on non-Muslims. After Aurangzeb’s death in 1707, the Mughal Empire experienced rebellions and foreign invasion. The Mughal Empire and Europe. India was the ultimate goal of the explorers of the Age of Discovery. (The natives of the New World are called “Indians” because Columbus thought he had discovered India.) In 1498 Vasco da Gama first reached India, and the Portuguese quickly seized control of Indian Ocean trade routes and built trading posts on the coast of India. After 1600, the Dutch navy arrived in the Indian Ocean with the goal of taking away Portugal’s control of trade which they largely succeeded in doing. England, which had established the East India Company in 1600, came with a different goal—not just trade but to create permanent English settlements. Agents of the English East India Company assimilated into Indian culture, learning the local customs and languages, including Persian, the language of Mughal administration. Many married Indian women and Mughal Empire (1526-1761) settled down. The English thus forged a bond with In 1504, Babur, a Mongol prince from Central Asia, Indian merchants and Mughal administrators, so they organized an army of Turks and Mongols, and were able to get preferential treatment over their conquered Afghanistan. Then, using Kabul as a base, European competitors. he invaded northern India and in 1526 announced the In 1717, the Mughal ruler gave the English a large creation of the Mughal Empire. The Mughal hold on grant of land near Calcutta. They soon added new power was rather tenuous until the reign of Akbar territories–which were basically extensions of (1556-1605), who expanded and consolidated Mughal England; they were governed according to English rule and cre...
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