The empire that included almost all of the

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Unformatted text preview: ated a large, wealthy, and powerful law, and protected by English military forces. The empire that included almost all of the subcontinent of British also created armies made up of Indians (known Asia. as sepoys) which were led and trained by British The Mughals were Muslims, but the secret to their officers. success was Akbar’s policy of accommodation of At this time British trade was beneficial to India. Hindus and Hinduism. He gave Hindu leaders high Indian merchants profited from the sale of goods for positions in his government, permitted the building of export, and India, as a whole, enjoyed a positive Essentials of Modern World History. Wk 4: South and Central Asia, 1453-1914, © D. G. Rowley, 2004. Rev. 2011. 2 seeking converts, and building publishing houses, schools, orphanages, and hospitals. East Indian Company authorities outlawed and attempted to suppress sati (the suicide of widows on their deceased husbands’ funeral pyres) and child marriage (it wasn’t unusual for middle-aged men to marry girls under the age of 16). The British also decided that their civilization was superior to Indian civilization, and they therefore began to apply English law consistently, and also to build an Indian education system based on the British model: teaching western literature, science, philosophy, and political thought. The economy began to change after 1818 as a result of the industrial revolution. Cheap cotton textiles were the first major factory-produced good, and England began to flood the Indian market with cheap cotton cloth. Since they also began to put heavy taxes on Indian cotton, the Indian textile industry (home-spun cloth as a supplement to farming) collapsed, throwing millions into poverty. Indian merchants, bankers, and the middle class began to suffer too, since the English began to run the economy themselves and no longer needed Indian associates. No Indians were allowed to enter the higher ranks of the civil service, and the prestigious and high-paying jobs were reserved for the English. In the 1850s, to integrate the entire subcontintent under their military and administrative control, the British created a nation...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course HISTORY 1020 at Wisc Platteville.

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