Unformatted text preview: al post office and began to
construct a nationwide network of railroads and
telegraph lines. They preserved the Hindu caste
system because they could use it for their own
purposes, by making themselves the highest caste in
the hierarchy. Railroad trains and all public
accommodations, were segregated by caste, and the
superior place was taken by the British.
All the policies just described increasingly
alienated the Indian people, and in 1857 this boiled
over in the Sepoy Rebellion (1857-59), also known as
British East India Company Rule, 1818-1857 the Great Mutiny. Indian soldiers began the mutiny
1818 was a watershed year in British involvement when a rumor went around that new rifle cartridges
were lubricated with beef and pig fat (the soldiers had
in India. First of all, it signifies the date when all of
India was brought under British control. Moreover, at to tear the cartridges open with their teeth, and
Muslims can’t eat pork while Hindus can’t eat beef).
about this time the British relationship with and
The mutiny quickly spread to a number of regions
attitude toward India began to change. The English
assimilation into Indian culture ended, as they began which declared their independence. The struggle was
to feel superior to Indians. They began to think of the extremely violent with widespread atrocities
committed by both sides. It took more than a year
Hindu religion as barbarous and Hindu society as
before the British were finally able to suppress it.
The British succeeded because of their superior
English missionaries began to pour into India
balance of payments. Just as in the case of China,
England bought more goods from India than it sold to
India: the British used silver currency to buy tea,
spices, ivory, and cotton cloth for silver.
As the Mughal Empire declined, in the eighteenth
century, civil wars and violence flared up across India.
England took advantage of this through a policy of
“divide and conquer.”
England’s opportunity for conquest cam...
View Full Document
- Spring '14