Villages in to ones caste rural india were generally

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Unformatted text preview: d under his authority until his death. Villages in to ones caste. rural India were generally self-governing under the Moksha, or release. The end of the cycle of death leadership of village elders according to custom. and reincarnation can be broken through a final These villages were usually subordinated (i.e. taxed) realease, “moksha,” when the soul merges with the by a local prince. Brahman (achieves one-ness with God). Moksha is Hinduism available only to those in the Brahmin, or priestly What preserved the unity of Indian civilization caste, and only to those who follow the proper belief and culture was not a ruling family or a unified state, and ritual. but a common set of rituals and beliefs that goes Hinduism tends to support social conformity since under the name of “Hinduism.” people in lower castes did not acquire sufficient good However, Hinduism has no single authoritative karma in their previous lives. They can be reborn in a dogma or creed, and it has no church organization or higher caste in the next reincarnation only by fulfilling hierarchy or system of ordaining ministers or priests. their caste obligations as fully as possible (i.e. without There are hundreds of different names of gods in the aspiring to rise higher than they were born). Indian subcontinent, and whether they are all Indian civilization different or are the same few gods under different Indian civilization was highly sophisticated, and it names, is a question for interpretation. contributed significantly to Middle Eastern and Among the beliefs that seem to be common among European Civilization. Perhaps the most useful import all Hindus are: from India was the decimal numbering system (with Brahman: Everything in the universe is only an the concept of “0"). We know these as “Arabic aspect of the Brahman or world soul. The apparent numerals”, because Europeans learned them from the diversity of things and beings in the world is an Arabs. illusion. All things and beings are part of the one-ness From the beginning, India had highly skilled of God, and those who attai...
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