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Unformatted text preview: unds of tilled earth, placed a yard or two apart sometimes in rows and other times randomly placed. Kernels of corn and beans were planted in the raised piles of soil to provide the support of the cornstalk for the bean vine to grow around. The spaces in between the mounds were planted with squash or melon seeds. The three crops complemented each other both in the field and in their combined nutrition. They are referred to as the three sisters. From 1930 to 2000 corn production increased by a factor of four, while planted acres decreased by 30 percent. (USDA Economic Research Service) USDA reported the national USDA reported the national average corn yield is projected at a record 162 bushels per acre for 2009/2010. That’s 9066 pounds of shelled corn per acre. Immature corn ears Four maize cobs, showing diversity of color and shape. diversity Unusually colored and shaped maize from Latin America Field Corn Sweet Corn Indian Corn Indian Bicolor Sweet Corn Bicolor Sweet corn probably originated from a mutation Sweet corn of an ancient Peruvian corn called 'Chuspillo' or 'Chullpi'. Sugary forms of corn were, however, probably not very popular in early cultures because they were difficult to store. The first historical reference to sweet corn was in 1779 with the introduction of 'Papoon' or 'Susquehanna', an eight­rowed, red­cob strain grown by the Iroquois. By the early 1900s there were over 63 known cultivars of sweet corn including 'Golden Bantam' (released in 1902), which became one of the most popular open­ pollinated varieties. Open­pollinated (OP) Open­pollinated (OP) seeds reproduce themselves true to type. They can be harvested and planted year after year, to show the same characteristics. Heirloom seeds are OPs that have a long Heirloom seeds history of being cultivated and saved within a family or group. They have evolved by natural or human selection over time. Heirlooms and OPs are usually well adapted to their region, making them especially valuable to farmers and gardeners. They hold sev...
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This document was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course AGRO 1001 at LSU.

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