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Unformatted text preview: h the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus, and Yellow River Valleys. As both trade and military expeditions begin among these earliest civilizations, dessert apples quickly spread from the forests of their origin in the Tien Shan mountains of eastern Kazakhstan throughout the "civilized" world. The Fertile Crescent, a region in the Middle East Fertile region incorporating Ancient Egypt; the Levant; and Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia. Wild Malus sieversii apple in Kazakhstan Malus Apple Production by State (32 pound boxes) (32 1. Washington 144,048 2. New York 30,476 3. Michigan 18,095 4. Pennsylvania 9,643 5. California 9,286 6. Virginia 7,143 U.S. Per Capita Utilization of Apples (pounds) Apples Fresh Canned Juice Frozen Dried Other 19.1 4.4 24.0 0.86 0.70 0.30 U.S. Apple Use U.S. •39% is enjoyed as fresh fruit. 39% •49% is used to make vinegar, cider, 49% wine, juice, jelly, and apple butter. wine, •9% is canned as applesauce and pie 9% filling. •12% is exported to other countries. 12% Apple Production (1000 tonnes) Apple China U.S. Iran Turkey France Italy Poland Russian Federation 24,017 4,428 2,662 2,570 2,246 2,192 2,075 2,050 Apple Tree Pollination Pollination Apples are Apples are 'self­incompatible' ­ you need two trees...
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