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79 Wheat is not native to the United States. It was Wheat is not native to the United States. It was not grown by the colonists because it did not do well in the New England soil and climate. In 1777, wheat was first planted in the United States as a hobby crop. Today, wheat is grown on more acres in the United States than any other grain. Between 60 and 63 million acres of wheat are typically harvested each year in the United States. If all the acres were side by side, the wheat fields would cover more than 100,000 square miles. Louisiana is 51,843 square miles. U.S. Area Planted 2010 (1,000 Acres)
Corn 87,872 Soybean 78,868 Wheat 54,305 Cotton 10,909 Rice 3,512 Potatoes 1,070
Dry Edible Beans 1,742 Sugarbeets 1,185 Sugarcane 874 In fact, a small number of plant In fact, a small number of plant species contribute disproportionately
to the global harvest of plant crops in
agricultural systems. Ranked in order
agricultural systems. Ranked in orde
of their annual production (measured
in millions of metric tons per year), th
world's 15 mostimportant food crops
are: 1) sugar cane (740 million tonnes per year); 2) wheat (390); 3) rice (370); 4) corn or maize (350); 5) white potatos (300); 6) sugar beets (260); 7) barley (180); 8) sweet potatos (150); 9) cassava (110); 10) soybeans (80); 11) wine grapes (60); 12) tomatoes (45); 13) bananas (40); 14) beans and peas (40); 15) oranges (33). 42 states produce wheat, which is divided 42 states produce wheat, which is divided into 6 different classes in the United States. Soft red winter wheat and soft white wheats are grown east of the Mississippi River. West are grown east of the Mississippi River. West
of the Mississippi, the wheats grown include hard red winter, hard red spring, durum, hard white, and soft white. Soft white wheat is grown in the Pacific Northwest while spring and durum wheats are grown in the Northern Plains. Top Wheat Producing States (million bushels)
1999 1998 1997 Kansas 432.4 494.9 501.4 North Dakota 242.1 307.7 269.3 Montana 154.3 168.7 181.5 Oklahoma 150.5 198.9 169.6 Washington 124.1 157.4 165.1 Texas 122.4 136.5 118.9 South Dakota 120.5 120.8 98 Colorado 107.2 103.4 90.1 Idaho 104.5 102.4 113.8 Nebraska 86.4 82.8 70.3 Minnesota 79.2 80.4 77.3 Ohio 72.1 74.2 68.6 Illinois 60.6 57.6 66.5 STATE There are about thirty species of wheat, but only three
are common in the United States.
•Durum Wheat Durum wheat is used in many pasta
products because the wheat holds together when made
into a paste. It is a spring wheat and grows in Minnesota,
North and South Dakota, and southern Canada.
•Common Wheat This is also called "bread wheat" and
is the most widely grown type of wheat. It can be either a
spring or winter wheat. In the United States, it is grown
on the prairies.
•Club Wheat It can be either a spring or winter wheat
and it is closely related to the common wheat. In the
United States, it is grown in the Pacific Northwest. Wheat has two distinct growing Wh...
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- Fall '11