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Transfairis currentlyinvestigatingthepotentialto

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Unformatted text preview: te the partially­digested beans, which are then harvested for sale. Kopi Luwak is the most expensive coffee in the world, selling for between $120 and $600 per pound, and is sold mainly in Japan and United States, but it is increasingly becoming available elsewhere. Common palm civet Common ...............cleaning Beans prior to Beans .......................... In Sumatra, workers on coffee In Sumatra, workers on coffee plantations gather the world’s most expensive coffee by following a gourmet marsupial who consumes only the choicest coffee beans. By picking through what he excretes, they obtain the world's most expensive coffee ­'Kopi Luwak', which sells for over $100 per The United States consumes one­ The United States consumes one­ fifth of all the world's coffee, making it the largest consumer in the world. Many small coffee farmers receive prices for their coffee that are less than the costs coffee that are less than the costs of production, forcing them into a cycle of poverty and debt. Coffee Industry in Crisis Coffee Coffee prices have plummeted and are Coffee prices have plummeted and are currently around $.60­$.70 per pound. To become Fair Trade certified, an importer must meet stringent international criteria; paying a minimum price per pound of $1.26, providing much needed credit to farmers, and providing technical assistance. Which products are Fair Trade Certified™ in the U.S.? TransFair USA began certifying coffee in TransFair USA began certifying coffee in 1998 and has since expanded to include tea and herbs, cocoa and chocolate, fresh fruit, sugar, rice, and spices. TransFair is currently investigating the potential to certify additional products. Fair Trade Certified flowers, cotton, honey, sports balls, wine and beer are available in the European market. Fair Trade principles include: Fair prices: Democratically organized farmer groups receive a Fair prices guaranteed minimum floor price and an additional premium for certified organic products. Farmer organizations are also eligible for pre­harvest credit. Fair labor conditions: Workers on Fair Trade farms enjoy freedom of association, safe working conditions, and living wages. Forced child labor is strictly prohibited. Direct trade: Importers purchase from Fair Trade producer groups as directly as possible, eliminating unnecessary middlemen and empowering farmers to strengthen their organizations and become competitive players in the global economy. Democratic and transparent organizations: Community development: Environmental sustainability: ONE billion people ONE billion people live on less than ONE dollar a day. Chicory (Cichorium Intybus) Chicory Chicory Root Chicory Dried Chicory Root Spiders on Caffeine Caffeine How do people How do people determine if something is true? The Scientific Method Scientific method refers to a body of techniques Scientific method refers to a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empiracal and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. A scientific method consists of the collection of data th...
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