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Unformatted text preview: Africa Oryza sativa Asia Chinese records of rice cultivation go
Chinese records of rice cultivation go
back 4,000 years. In classical Chinese the words for agriculture and for rice culture are synonymous, and for rice culture are synonymous,
indicating that rice was already the staple crop at the time the language was taking form. In several Asian languages the words for rice and food are identical. An ancient grain, rice is known to have An ancient grain, rice is known to have been domesticated as early as the fifth millennium B.C. The species cultivated in Asia, believed to be where rice originated, is Oryza sativa. Rice is produced worldwide and is the world's second or thirdlargest staple crop, behind corn (maize) and, prior to milling, about the same as total wheat production. Rice is the primary staple for Rice is the primary staple for more than half the world's population, with Asia and Africa the largest consuming regions. Developing countries have long depended on its versatility and high caloric value. It has been estimated that half the It has been estimated that half the world's population subsists wholly or partially on rice. Ninety percent of the world...
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- Fall '11