3PHARMACEUTICALS

Theproteinsand thethirdwaveofagricultural

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Unformatted text preview: ctive chemical structures which will be patented and marketed as drugs per se. They are looking for lead structures from which they would prepare analogues." ­ Farnsworth (1990) The first wave of agricultural biotechnology The first wave of agricultural biotechnology transformed plants to resist pests (e.g. Bt­corn and Bt­cotton that contain the insect toxic protein from Bacillus thuringiensis) or impart resistance to reduced risk herbicides like glyphosate (e.g. Roundup Ready soybeans). The second wave involves producing plants with quality­added characters that would increase agronomic efficiency (e.g., salt­tolerant tomatoes) or nutritional enhancements (e.g., high­lysine corn). High­lysine corn is more palatable and significantly more digestible than Pharming refers to the use of genetic engineering to Pharming insert genes that code for useful pharmaceuticals into host animals or plants that would otherwise not express those genes. As a consequence, the host animals or plants then make the pharmaceutical product in large quantity, which can then be purified and used as a dru...
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