ATRG 1013: Concepts and Issues in Sport Science Review for Exam 2 (Fall 2010) Know the definition and scope of practice (audience) of the following sub-disciplines: o Exercise Physiology- o Nutrition- The science that interprets the relationship of food to the functioning of the living organism. This effects EVERYONE! o Sports Nutrition- How nutrition impacts physical performance at all levels of ability. EFFECTS ATHLETES! o Physical Activity Epidemiology- Investigating the relationship between physical activity (exercise) and health and disease in a given population. o Clinical Exercise Physiology- Application of exercise science to reduce the risk of chronic diseases related to inactivity, treat those with disease. This effects both the APPARENTLY healthy and the unhealthy. Know the following terms: o Biological plausibility- the likelihood that something is scientifically plausible to research. Plays a key role in sound epidemiological research. (Eye color and heart disease) o Mortality- the rate of death (usually associated with a specific disease) o Morbidity-the rate of individuals with diseases. Incidence rate- # of individuals within a population who develop a disease within a specific time period. (# of new cases during a given time) Prevalence rate- # of people who already have the disease in a population at a particular point in time. (# of existing cases) o Statistical significance- o Null hypothesis- there is no difference between two groups, in a research project you try to reject the null hypothesis. The P-Value quantifies the amount of chance. (.05 level of significance – only 5% of the time will a difference occur by chance.)
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- Fall '10
- Nutrition, physical activity, maximal heart rate, total calorie intake, Clinical Exercise Physiology, Exercise Physiologyo Nutrition