Dispositionsituation

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Unformatted text preview: ituational when we explain the behavior of other people ► Why? b/c we assume a consistency in their behavior An accident An accident Poor driver? Poor vision? Careless driver? Weather conditions? Attribution Biases Attribution Biases Halo effect Phenomenon in which an initial understanding that a person has positive traits is used to infer other uniformly positive characteristics Attribution Biases Attribution Biases Self serving bias Tendency to attribute one’s successes to personal, dispositional factors and one’s failures to environmental, situational factors ► If you interview for a job and get it? Disposition/situation? ► Serves to protect self­esteem and positive self­identity Stems from . . . Stems from . . . protect self­ esteem ► Desire to ‘look good’ in the ► Desire to eyes of others Assumed­similarity bias The tendency to think of people as being similar to oneself, even when meeting them for the first time B ­ Attraction B ­ Attraction Factors (Proximity, Reciprocity, Good Looks, Similarity) Proximity Proximity ►geographic closeness Why is it that proximity is related to friendship formation? Mere exposure effect? Exceptions to it? Mate Selection: Mate Selection: The Mating Game ► Men and women across cultures agree to certain values when it comes to mate selection: Mutual attraction/love Dependable character Pleasing disposition They do not agree necessarily on whether proper social status is important So those are the 4 factors influencing So those are the 4 factors influencing interpersonal attraction . . . ► Now let’s talk about 2 more issues related to interpersonal attraction ►Romantic Attraction ►Mate Selection Matching­Hypothesis Matching­Hypothesis ► Physically attractive individuals tend to PAIR with other physically attractive individuals Likely to end up with someone similar on physical & other...
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