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► e.g., A Few Good Men (Tom Cruise, Jack Nicholson) ► Stanley Milgram study
► Variations of the Milgram study Simply following orders? 1961
first televised courtroom trial in history
Jerusalem court tried Nazi Eichmann for crimes against
the Jewish people OBEDIENCE
► The Milgram experiment may be the most famous experiment in psychology to date. It was conducted in 1963, shortly after Eichmann's trial. The world still needed an explanation for Nazi behavior. How could this have happened? Were these Nazis a different kind of human, with no thresholds of violence? Milgram showed that this was not so. Take the average American, put him in the right environment, and he will transform into a something he never would have expected to become. 1963 @ Yale Experimenter
Teacher voltage confederate response 75 grunts 120 shouts in pain 150
+330 says that he refuses to continue with this experiment bloodcurdling screams refuses to answer, mumbles something about a heart condition silence objection milgram's response first "He's fine. go on." second "The experiment requires you to go on." third "It is absolutely essential to go on." fourth "You have no choice. You must go on." ►
Variations Reduce Prestige 48% Soften Personality of Authority Figure (50%)
Reduce Authority Legitimacy (20%)
Increase Distance from Authority (20%) Telephone WWII – cooperate fighting
Closer to or contact with (30%)
Add dissenting voices (37.5%) Reason why dissent is not tolerated Rosa Parks, 1955 68% 40 males Ages 2050 Giving in to requests Lowball technique
Lowball technique ► Get pers...
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This document was uploaded on 03/11/2014 for the course PSYC 1200 at Saint Mary's University Texas.
- Winter '13