so how do we motivate actions which are of

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: so, how do we motivate actions which are of collective (public) benefit but entail individual costs? No. of cattle M1.39 2014 The dilemmas of conservation biology IV: The tyranny of small decisions Biodiversity Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa the cumulative effects of many small decisions may be large, even though the individual effects of each decision is small... …so in assessing impacts of human activities on biological resources, selecting the correct reference point is crucial B1 B2 B3 D1 B D2 B DC B D1 D2 D3 Decision sequence M1.40 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa 2014 M1 2009-2010 BIO 3115 Conservation Biology The value of biological diversity instrumental (utilitarian) value: value as means to an end, so that biodiversity has no value unless it is used in some manner intrinsic value: biodiversity has value in and of itself (“existence value”), irrespective of whether it is used. White pine old growth in Eastern North America M1.41 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa 2014 Instrumental values of biodiversity I: goods Biodiversity is the source of various material goods which are of direct socioeconomic value, e.g. food, timber, fuel, medicine, M1.42 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa 2014 M1 2009-2010 BIO 3115 Conservation Biology Instrumental values of biodiversity II: services Biodiversity is the source of various material services which are of direct or indirect socioeconomic value, e.g. pollination, nutrient cycling. M1.43 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa 2014 Instrumental values of biodiversity III: genetic information Biodiversity is a repository of genetic information which is of direct scientific value, as well as socioeconomic value (e.g. agricultural crop breeding programs, transgenic organisms) Dan, something appropriate. A genetic map of something? A transgenic species? M1.44 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa 2014 M1 2009-2010 BIO 3115 Conservation Biology Instrumental values of biodiversity IV: aesthetic and recreational value Biodiversity has immense aesthetic value and recreational value, contributing to personal satisfaction and well-being. M1.45 Bio 3115...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online