Unformatted text preview: rests with
developers to demonstrate
that the instrumental costs
conservation of biodiversity
are too high. Conservationists
of proof Developers M1.52 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa 2014 M1 2009-2010 BIO 3115 Conservation Biology "Protecting the environment is so important that
requirements and standards cannot be too high, and
continuing environmental improvements must be made
regardless of cost." % of respondents 100 Exxon Valdez
oil spill 90
70 Agree 60
40 Disagree 30
10 Undecided 0
Septem ber 1981
Septem ber 1982 January 1986 June 1989
April 1989 M1.53 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa 2014 Value and individual
responsibility M1.54 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa/ University of Ottawa 2014 M1 2009-2010 BIO 3115 Conservation Biology Environmental ethics
"Environmental ethics is concerned with the moral
relations that hold between humans and their
environment. The ethical principles governing these
relations determine our duties, obligations and
responsibilities with regards to the Earth's natural
environment and the animals and plants that inhabit it"
- Paul Taylor, "Respect for Nature" M1.55 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 2014 The questions Is human conduct in relation to the environment
subject to moral constraints?
If yes, what are these constraints and how do they
differ from those governing our interactions with
other human beings?
Can a moral commitment to follow principles of
environmental ethics be shown to rest on rationale
How are our obligations and responsibilities toward
the environment to be weighed against human
values and interests?
M1.56 Bio 3115 Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 2014 M1 2009-2010 BIO 3115 Conservation Biology The answers (Findlay view) Human conduct in relation to the natural
environment is subject to moral constraints because
all living organisms have intrinsic value.
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