English221: Test 2 Review - Major British Writers Test 2...

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Major British Writers Test 2 - Tudor Dynasty (1485-1603)Tudor Monarchs:Henry VII- 1485-1509 (Catholic) - Ends War of Roses and begins the Tudor Dynasty. Also creates European treaties that allow for growth. Literary significance: by ending the war he allowed writers to travel around Europe, most significantly Italy to see the Renaissance in action.Henry VIII- 1509-1547 (Catholic, then Protestant) - Breaks from Catholic Church to create Church of England. (Anglican church)Heir-Producing wives: Catherine of Aragon: Mother of MaryAnne Boleyn: Mother of ElizabethLady Jane Seymour: Mother of EdwardLiterary significance: More wrote his Utopiaas a travel narrative but had ideas that went against Henry VII’s ideas, which is up for debate as to if he truly believed all of them. Wrote as Patronage for Henry VII and under his rule. Edward VI (the “boy king”) - 1547-53 (Protestant) - Actually acted as a protestant unlike his father who created the Church of England to get a divorce. Literary significance: Start protest reformation which lead to Foxe writing about the Martyrs that came along with it. Thought up a lot of the ideas for the church of EnglandMary Tudor (“Bloody Mary) - 1553-1558 (Catholic) - Called Bloody Mary because when she became queen she killed thousands of Protestants and tried to make England Catholic again.Literary significance: She killed a ton of Protestants and Foxe wrote about Protestant Martyrs, so yeah. He wrote under her rule and to flee the country to escape her. Elizabeth Tudor (Elizabeth I) - 1558-1603 (Protestant) - Turns the country back in a protestant nation, but allows people to act freely as long as they do their service once a year. Literary Significance: Shakespeare and Marlowe both write under Elizabeth’s rule and are influenced by her ideas and the ideas of time. They both play patronage and kind of kiss up to her, Marlowe does this by making fun of the Pope and other Catholic ideas in Dr. Faustus. Writers of the time:John Foxe - Wrote “Lady Jane Upon the Scaffold” and compiled a large number of stories about Martyrs who died for Protestantism under the reign of MarySir Thomas More- Wrote “Utopia.” Was murdered by Henry VIII when he said everyone had to switch from being a Catholic because Henry said those who didn’t would die, but didn’t expect More to stay Catholic and killed him even though he liked the guy (“aw man”). His writings were influenced by Plato’s Republic.William Shakespeare - Wrote a lot of plays and sonnets. His father was a glove maker. He married Anne Hathaway, who was older and whom he probably didn’t like very much near the end because all he left her was “his second best bed.” Often talks about a “dark woman” who was most likely some woman he had affairs with. Not a lot that is known about him is concrete because he didn’t talk much of himself. He used a lot of puns and other such devices.

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