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IB35ACS Study Guide

can also be called parallel evolution if the

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Unformatted text preview: design) ● Natural selection answers the “why” question of evolution Important points: ● The individual is the most important unit of biological change ● Variation among individuals is essential What Darwin Actually Said ● Proposed a testable hypothesis ○ Darwin writes 14 chapters trying to demonstrate that evolution by natural selection didn’t happen, but comes to the conclusion that all the data he compiled can’t refute this idea. Lecture 3: The Controversy of Evolution & Skeletal Anatomy ● Evolution by natural selection in three parts ○ Principle of variation ○ Principle of heredity ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ○ Principle of differential fitness Scopes Trial (Prelude) ○ Summer for the Gods: Larson ○ March 1925: Tennessee’s Butler Act: cannot teach evolutionary theory in public school ○ American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) offered to defend those in defiance of act ○ City of Dayton looking for publicity Prosecution: William Jennings Bryan (Darwinism undermined morality);7 Defense: Clarence Darrow Herbert Spencer: 1864 Principles of Biology ○ coined “survival of the fittest” ○ applied Lamarckian sense of evolution to sociology rather than natural selection Darwin: Evolution by natural selection provides no clues for human conduct or moral dilemmas. Recent Major Legal Cases (don’t know if we need to memorize these) ○ Selman v. Cobb County (2006, Georgia): Textbook disclaimer ○ Kitzmiller v.Dover(2005, Pennsylva...
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