Proconsul mixture of old world monkey and ape

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Unformatted text preview: ences in morphology, size,ornamentation and behavior. ○ canine dimorphism: honing canine- large canines cut food. Upper canines are sharpened against the lower third premolar. ○ bipedality: organism moves by means of its two rear limbs, or legs ○ knuckle- walking: gorillas and chimps ○ arboreality: locomotion of animals in trees, terrestriality: living on ground ○ palmigrade: putting whole foot on ground while walking ○ divergent big toe: ○ ○ frugivore vs omnivore: fruit eater vs plants ○ LCA=last common ancestor ○ OW = Old World (Africa, Europe & Asia) ○ Relative brain size (i.e., brain size relative to body size) ● Characteristics of Hominid Genera ○ GLCA: Gorilla LCA ● ● ● ● ○ CLCA: Pan troglodytes, Pan paniscus: Chimp LCA: palmigrade, arboreal, dimorphic canines, forest frugivore ○ Ardipithecus: bipedal, climbs in trees, feminized canines, lives in woodland, omnivore ○ Australopithecus: terrestrial standing biped, wide niche, pan Africa, large teeth ○ Homo: found across OW, technologically reliant, large brain, small teeth The genera you need to remember ○ Purgatorius: precursor to Plesiadapiformes (earliest primates) ○ Aegyptopithecus: predates divergence between hominids (apes) and early Oligocene OW monkeys ○ Proconsul: genus of primates during Miocene, one of the first primates classified as ape ○ Ardipithecus: 6- 5.4 mya, opposable big toe, bi...
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This document was uploaded on 03/11/2014 for the course IB 35AC at University of California, Berkeley.

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