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IB35ACS Study Guide

X chromosome o inactivation barr bodies o dosage

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Unformatted text preview: tionism ○ MOST popular argument because scripture wasn’t to be discarded lightly ○ afraid to let go of argument in Europe Polygeny ● One of the first theories that won attention and respect of European scientists ● became known as the “American School” of anthropology ● Agassins→ independent origins for different species I think this is Agassiz (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Agassiz) unless I’m mistaken and Agassins are Agassiz’s cult followers or something ○ believed there were innate differences Stephen Gould ● the Mismeasure of Man (1981) Samuel Morton ● collected skulls → first to think larger brain comes with larger head ● elephant in the room→ cranial size correlates with intelligence ● #’s looks great BUT not correct ○ he had problems calculating the averages ● there were more men→ SAMPLE BIAS ● inconsistent with how he applied caution ● didn't include hindu because they were too small craniums ● did not account for body size variation or sex composition ● brain size NOT correlated with intelligence Conclusions ● scientific anthropology and archaeology get started because of questions of human variation( who was first here) ● American version=polygeny ● reasons to explore the question ● start of data, may be “objective” but isn’t always objective (Morton) ○ he needed to demonstrate a link first Lecture 25 Part 2: Race in American (1900- 1960s) Heritability→ phenotypic variation and what are...
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