SexCom Test 2 info - Test 2 INFO Culture a system of...

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Test 2 INFOCulture - a system of knowledge, beliefs, customs, values, behaviors, and artifacts that are acquired shared, and used by members of a social groupLearned: not something innate, in you when born, A person learns his or her values, beliefs, and norms. The process is called socializationShared: you don’t have a culture all by yourselfMultiple people must hold the same set of values, beliefs, and behavioral norms in order to be cultureSymbolic: language and though are based on symbols and symbolic meanings. Colors hold symbolic, sexual meanings:White = western, chinese cultureRed= chinese culture, western cultureArbitrary – not based on natural laws external to humans, created according to the whims of societyStandards of beauty West: a tan makes people look good and healthierAsia: fair skin is beauty. Whitening skin products are popular. Common to see women wearing hats, long sleeve tops, or carrying an umbrella when in the sunInternalized: habitual, taken for granted, perceived as natural.Bare-breasted anthropologist, concerned about her exposed breasts it was calvesEthnocentrism – belief that your culture norms and values are correct/superior to those of other cultural groups. Essential for culture survivalSexual Socialization – the process through which people learn and internalize sexual knowledge, attitude, skills, norms, and expectations for sexual relationships. It is a lifelong process that begins in childhood, increases considerable during adolescents, and continues throughout adulthoodAgents include: region, ethnic group, religion, family, peers, education Learning through socialization: Behavioral learning; we learn through doing (rewards and punishments)Social learning: learning by observation and modelingSource of reinforcement – bobo doll studyBeing reinforced by the person whom you learned a behaviorBeing reinforced by others who see you enacted the learned behaviorSocial Roles theory – gender roles exist concerning expectations about the characteristics and behaviors of women and men

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