9-26 - Key Terms 9\/26 Second continental congress George Washington Common sense Abigail Adams Declaration of Independence Continental Army Benedict

9-26 - Key Terms 9/26 Second continental congress George...

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Key Terms 9/26: Second continental congress George Washington Common sense Abigail Adams Declaration of Independence Continental Army Benedict Arnold Battle of Yorktown Treaty of Paris (1783) Readings: p. 135-139, 148-149, 150-152 American Revolutionary War Lexington and Concord British arrive in Lexington, April 19 1775; wanted to disarm Americans, not engage in battle. First shot fired from brits, lasted 15 minutes. 18 Lexington men killed or wounded and only 1 British wounded. Allowed for 3 companies of minute men; assemble in Concord. British are there to search for weapons; but they don’t find anything. b\w British soldiers and American rebels; starts the American Revolution. British attacked by unorganized Americans (guerilla tactics) in Concord. 92 killed/wounded Americans and 273 British soldiers. Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation; Nov. 1775 – takes all gunpowder and put it on ships where Virginia can get it. He threatens any slaves who have been listening to this enslavement. He issues this proclamation that states any slaves free that are able to enlist in British army. He doesn’t free any of his slaves, but he is trying to play on the instability that can be cause by the concept that the colonists are using. Doing this for political means. Ethiopian regiment – first African based military unit; 1500 freed slaves they face difficulties. They are given labor tasks for Lord Dunmore. In 6 months time only 300 remain alive. His proclamation plays on this instability. Argument for freedom is a problem for years; in hopes of fighting in the revolution for British. I. Declaration of Independence seems like common sense Second Continental Congress – May 1775; met in Phil. Delegates remain unwilling to support independence, disappointed w/ Parliament. Appointed Washington to ensure colonies’ backing of war and to place military under Congress control. Had to figure out how to raise and supply an army and also reconcile. For the army – need a commander, soldiers, money, and an actual declaration of war.

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