Test 1 part 1 notes - Terms and Documentary Reader Readings Great league of Power and Peace Treaty of Tordesillas Francisco Coronado John Cabot Sieur de

Test 1 part 1 notes - Terms and Documentary Reader Readings...

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Terms and Documentary: Reader Readings Great league of Power and Peace Treaty of Tordesillas Francisco Coronado John Cabot Sieur de La Salle Reader Readings: p. 3-5, 6-8 Algonquin and Iroquois Longhouses Iroquois Confederacy (great league of power and peace) Gatherers and fur traders p. 11 Iroquois dominated in northeastern Matrilineal Moving around 15-20 years o Makes them more susceptible to diseases Great fighters and in long term wars, can cover and control over long distances Morning wars - wars conducted to go to another tribe, take captives, women decide which certain captives will to and who will be brought into their tribe in order to replace those they have lost Great League of Peace and Power o Make up of 5 of Iroquois confederacy together o Iroquois- really set up as separate people in the 1500s European Exploration and Columbus Quest for the Spice Islands in the Far East Looking for ways to get spices cheaper Portuguese start to explore more and push boundaries and learn how to travel the winds and currents In 1440’s start to trade slaves in Africa out of necessity to pay for exploration o The Slaves were captives of war o Trade started with Ivory etc. then led to slave trade Spanish Attempt to Reach Far East by Sailing West Originally approached Portugal but was told to find someone else, then approached Spain, sailing through them Indians in Cuban area gave Columbus gold Dispute over new land between Spain and Portugal Treaty of Tordesillas at 46, 37’ W in 1494 o Everything east of the line belongs to Portugal and West belongs to Spain Spain Begins to Christianize the natives Columbus makes four voyages and dies thinking he found India Portugal ran into Brazil hince the infulance Amerigo Vespucci
o Discovers they are in a new world, not India Ferdinand Magellan o In 1519 he follows the South American continent to get around to make it to the Spice Islands o Dies by natives in the Philippines o Spanish Spanish Motivation Not concerned about making colonies or making goods and shipping people to new world, but become obsessed with money. End up exploiting natives Use the native as laborers and slaves Panfilo de Narvaez o Explores and lands in Tampa Bay but found no gold, heads west and then disappears Cabeza de Vaca o Make it through Panfilo’s journey. Tries to survive when he lands in Galveston, TX. Lives with natives to survive for a little while Francisco Coronado o Sets out for gold in the Southwest looking for the Seven Cities of Gold o End up in NE Kanas o Finds the Grand Canyon and TX and OK Hernando de Soto o Lands near Tampa Bay and travels along the south east o Encounters the Mississippians o Half of men die from sickness o Don’t find gold, but draw maps French and English Follow Suit but with Different Motivations Also seek to explore the Americas Looks for places to set up colonies and for religious purposes

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