Philosophy Chapter 2 Season 2 - Philosophy Chapter 2 Season...

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Philosophy Chapter 2 Season 2Mental states are private; you are directly acquainted with your own mental state and no one else is directlyacquainted with your mental stateMental states are non-spatial; they are not extended in space and do not take up room; they are nowhereThe difference argumentThe body is public and spatialIn general, if x and y have different properties, then x is distinct from yTherefore, the mind is distinct from the bodyThe independence argumentThe mind can exist without the bodyIn general, if x and y can exist independently of one another, then x is distinct from yTherefore, the mind is distinct from the bodyoThis is understood because some believe in the existence of God and the afterlifeThe idea that mental states are not physical states makes us “dualists”It is believed that the mind and body are very closely related, howeverInteractionism: dualism is true and the mind and body causally interact)The mind is like a ghost driving the body around like a carProperties that make mind and body differentMind is private and body is publicMind is non-spatial and body is spatialColorblind:Could we tell if someone was?oYes: by observing their behavior when faced with 2 different colorsInverted Spectrum:Someone’s red is the same as my green; their colors are mismatchedCould we tell if someone was?Example one: Almost Human robot acts exactly like a peron so he can pass as a person in order to infiltratehuman groupsRobots are just a massive collection of on/off switches that allow them to pass as humansIf Cartesian Dualism is true then these robots would be creatures without minds; they don’t actuallyexperience anything, they just act like creatures with minds (only way you could tell would be to cut oneopen)Example two: zombies are flesh and blood ex-humans with no minds due to diseaseNew zombies are physically the same as a normal person; but they have no mental life at all; their brainalso functions just like a normal human brainoBuilt like us and act like usoWould we be able to tell if they exist right now?Problem of other mindsIf dualism is true, mental states are privateIf mental states are private then I cannot observe you mental statesIf I cannot observe your mental states then I cannot know what they areIf dualism is true then for all I know you’re a robot or a zombieProblem of other minds against dualismIf dualism is true then I cant know what you are experiencing or whether or not you are experiencinganything a allI can tell that you are having experiences and I can often know what your experiences are
Therefore, dualism is not trueThe problem of other minds comes in varying degrees of strength depending on the exampleNew zombies: I can’t tell that you are having any experiences whatsoeverNew Robots: I can’t tell that you are having any experiences without cutting you open

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Term
Spring
Professor
mattskene
Tags
Philosophy, mental states, Eminem, Marshall Matthers

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