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• Turnpikes first established in the 17 th century and
abolished in the 1880s. Turnpikes
Notice taken from the Carlow
Morning Post 1st April 1822.
Secretary Robert Phillips calls a
meeting to be held at Carlow on
15th April 1822.
Carlow County Library
Source: http://www.askaboutireland.ie /reading-room/environment-geography/transport/growth-of Hyde Park Tollgate marks the beginning of the Bath Road at Westminster on the west side of London. Source: www.georgianindex.net/
•How might turnpike roads have
contributed to development?
• relieves pressure on existing roads • facilitated regional integration •Turnpike Trusts
• spurred by local and regional
promotors • local capital markets •Diagram source: Langton and Morris (1986) Stagecoach
London, 1821 The Brighton Stagecoach on a Country Road
Henry Thomas Alken, 1820 Diagram source: Langton and Morris
(1986) Proposed Liverpool to Hull Canal Englis
1773 Source: Gentlemen’s
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- Winter '14
- Industrial Revolution, Road, Toll road, Canal, Oxford University Pr