81600401-Policy-Process

For instance in 2009 the government wanted to reduce

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Unformatted text preview: , in 2009, the government wanted to reduce unemployment by offering more training and courses, especially to the unemployed. The implementation of such policy was left in the hands of the ETC, which receives funds both from government and the EU. In implementing policy, it is necessary that the parties involved are realistic, both when it comes to the resources needed to complete the project as well as the time needed to complete the project. It is also necessary that those people implementing the policy communicate between them and that they understand the aim of the policy so that execution could be carried out better. 6 Compliance is important in this stage. In his book ³Public Policy-making´, James E. Anderson states that ³All public policies are intended to influence or control human behaviour in some way, to induce people to act in accordance with governmentally prescribed rules or goals.´ Therefore it is necessary that citizens understand the importance of the laws so that they obey them. Otherwise, the laws will be useless and policy would have failed. In this stage, there is a debate of whether to use the top-down approach or the bottom-up approach. Using the first approach, the executors follow the orders of policy-makers. The argument behind this method is that ³The act of implementation presupposes a prior act, particularly the act of formulating what needs to be done.´ (The Public Policy Process by Michael Hill) In other words, executors have no power to choose what to implement. Using the bottom-up approach, executors have more flexibility, and this allows them to cope with the changing world. Evaluation ³Public Policy in theory and in Practice,´ states that this stage is important because ³it is both natural and logical that those who were part of that/those decision/s, or are responsible for administering the policy, should wish to follow the effects of their decisions or actions.´ What is actually done in this stage is checking whether the goals of the policy have been reached and whether further action needs to be take...
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