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There are two main models of policy formulation if

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Unformatted text preview: models of policy formulation. If the rational model is used, first the goals are set and then the means for achieving such goals are chosen. On the other hand, using the incremental model, there is a gradual improvement to achieve the goals which are a compromise of all the parties involved. Obviously each method has its uses, with the rational model being more adequate for complex issues while the incremental model is more adequate where policy is continually changed. A good example of incremental policy is the government¶s vision for Eco-Gozo. In the ³Proposed Action 2010-2012´, it is stated that the vision is: ³Gozo will become an eco-island by 2020, supported by a keen and committed sustainable community. We want to see quality of life in Gozo improving further through education, economic development and social progress.´ Undoubtedly, it is not possible to change Gozo into Eco-Gozo in one day. Therefore, a gradual change is needed over a number of years. 5 The final decision is usually take by the legislative branch of the state, that is, the parliament votes whether or not the policy should be implemented. Implementation stage At this stage, work is transferred from the government to the administration, whose job is to enact the policies formulated in the previous stage. Most of the time, implementation is carried out by the government departments. For instance, in 2009, there was a reduction in the Income Tax. This law was enacted by the Department of Inland Revenue which ³is responsible to the government for the administration of the Income Tax and Capital Transfer Duty Acts and the enforcement of social security contributions under the direction of the Ministry of Finance.´ However, there may be other bodies which implement policies. For instance, some policies are enacted by the judicial branch of the state. This usually happens when laws need to be enacted. In other cases, implementation may be left in the hands of agencies, who receive funds from the government. For instance...
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