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Unformatted text preview: ese are continuation, revision or termination of the policy. If on the previous stage it was discovered that the policy is reaching its pre-stated objectives, then there is no need to change. If part of the results is achieved, then the policy is revised. If the policy is not reaching its objectives, then it is logical to terminate it. However, according to Bardach, termination seldom occurs for a number of reasons. The most important reason is politics. People prefer innovative politics rather than ones who remove outdated policies. Moreover, by removing their own policies, politicians would be admitting their failure, especially in the light of the fact that policies are designed to last long. Policy termination could bring with it instability, both by affecting other policies, as well as by bringing conflicts between parties. Still, termination does happen. For instance, in March 2009, the upper chamber of Italian parliament passed a law which allowed the Italian prime minister to suspend cases against him in court by 18 months. However, in October of the same year, the constitutional court struck off the law, saying that this ³immunity violated the principle that all citizens were equal.´ With time, some legislations inevitably have to change because society changes. As Isaac Asimov said, ³It is change, continuing change, inevitable change, that is the dominant factor in society today.´ So while 30 years ago it made sense to force those females who got 9 married to stop working, presently it doesn¶t make any sense because of changes in the standard of living and trends of society. Finally, one should note that to a certain extent, the review stage includes the other four stages. Therefore, it follows that policy-making is not only a process but also a cycle. Conclusion Since policy making is a process, each step leads to another. Therefore, before moving to the following stage, it should be assured that all analysis and work was done correctly. In this way, errors would be minimised....
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2014 for the course ENGL 1301 taught by Professor James during the Spring '08 term at HCCS.

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