The Rise and Decline of the State

The Rise and Decline of the State - The Rise and Decline of...

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Unformatted text preview: The Rise and Decline of the State The state, which since the middle of the seventeenth century has been the most important and most characteristic of all modern institutions, is in decline. From Western Europe to Africa, many existing states are either combining into larger communities or falling apart. Many of their functions are being taken over by a variety of organizations which, whatever their precise nature, are not states. In this unique volume Martin van Creveld traces the story of the state from its beginnings to the present. Starting with the simplest political organizations that ever existed, he guides the reader through the origins of the state, its development, its apotheosis during the two world wars, and its spread from its original home in Western Europe to cover the globe. In doing so, he provides a fascinating history of government from its origins to the present day. Martin van Creveld is a Professor in the Department of History at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. His books include Supplying War (1978), Fighting Power (1982), Command in War (1985), Technology and War (1988), and The Transformation of War (1991). XXXX The Rise and Decline of the State Martin van Creveld published by the press syndicate of the university of cambridge The Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, United Kingdom cambridge university press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 2RU, United Kingdom http://www.cup.ac.uk 40 West 20th Street, New York, NY 10011-4211, USA http://www.cup.org 10 Stamford Road, Oakleigh, Melbourne 3166, Australia Martin van Creveld 1999 This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 1999 Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge Typeset in Plantin 10/12 pt [ vn ] A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress cataloguing in publication data Van Creveld, Martin. The rise and decline of the state / by Martin van Creveld. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0 521 65190 5 ISBN 0 521 65629 X (pbk.) 1. State, the. 2. World politics. I. Title. JC11.V35 1999 320.1'90dc21 9830993 CIP ISBN 0 521 65190 5 hardback ISBN 0 521 65629 X paperback Contents Preface page vii 1 Before the state: prehistory to AD 1300 1 Tribes without rulers 2 Tribes with rulers (chiefdoms) 10 City-states 20 Empires, strong and weak 35 Limits of stateless societies 52 2 The rise of the state: 1300 to 1648 59 The struggle against the church 62 The struggle against the Empire 75 The struggle against the nobility 87 The struggle against the towns 104 The monarchs triumph 118 3 The state as an instrument: 1648 to 1789 126 Building the bureaucracy 128 Creating the infrastructure 143 Monopolizing violence 155 The growth of political theory 170 Inside the Leviathan...
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The Rise and Decline of the State - The Rise and Decline of...

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