Class5 - Preferences Thinking about What Actors Want Why Do...

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Preferences Thinking about What Actors Want Why Do Preferences Matter? Power describes what actors can influence other actors to do. However, power is a means, not an end; preferences specify what outcomes actors wish to realize. Policy depends on power and preferences. Preferences vary across actors. Change in policy caused by a change in preferences Specifying Preferences An actor’s preference order lists the possible outcomes from best to worst, allowing for ties. Preferences over actions/strategies arise from preferences over outcomes, power, and perceptions. The logic of effective threats Often we make general assumptions about the preferences of the actors. The “Pocketful of Preferences” assumption in political economy Clarifications about Preferences We are not judging or endorsing the values underlying preferences, merely describing the goals of actors. Preferences are assumed to be fixed over the period of an analysis. Ex ante versus ex post preferences and judgments Would Hitler have started World War II if he knew how it would end? Variations within Preferences Even when actors hold similar preferences, their preferences can differ enough to affect their acts. Tradeoffs between competing goods
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Class5 - Preferences Thinking about What Actors Want Why Do...

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