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Unformatted text preview: theism- - the belief that there is a God in addition to the natural world- - is necessary. If it is necessary to believe that there is a God, then, despite it's greater complexity, the hypothesis of theism wouldn't be precluded by principles like Ockham's Razor. Traditional theistic arguments, i.e., traditional arguments for ________________________________ ______________________________________________ are intended to show that the hypothesis of theism is necessary in this sense. In assuming that the hypothesis of theism is not necessary, Baier is in effect assuming that these arguments are no good. To decide whether we agree with this assumption of Baier's, let's consider some of the most well known traditional theistic arguments. 3 The Ontological Argument (Anselm of Canterbury, c. 1095) (Background thoughts: the idea of God = the idea of the greatest conceivable being. Also, it’s always better for a good thing to exist in reality than merely in the mind.) P1 You have the idea of God in your mind. P2 If God didn't exist in reality as well, then _____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________. (For then it wouldn’t be the idea of the greatest conceivable being that you have in your mind—you could imagine a greater or better being, viz., one that exists in reality as well.) C Therefore, God exists in reality as well. (The name of this argument comes from the Greek word for the being/nature/essence of something, ontos.) The Cosmological Argument (Thomas Aquinas, c. 1250) (Background thoughts: contingent being = something that might not have existed; necessary being = something than must a...
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This document was uploaded on 03/12/2014 for the course PHIL 1000 at UWO.

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