In effect although he doesnt come right out and say so

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Unformatted text preview: ham’s Razor: Ockham’s Razor (aka the Principle of Simplicity, the Principle of Parsimony): _________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________. (William of Ockham (c. 1325) was a late medieval philosopher and theologian who strongly insisted that this sort of principle should be respected in theorizing about the world.) The idea is that if you have two competing hypotheses, designed to explain a given phenomenon, then, provided they both do an equally good job of explaining the phenomenon in all other respects, you should accept the hypothesis that commits you to fewer kinds of claims or postulates fewer kinds of entities. Ockham’s Razor thus counsels us to cut away unnecessary commitments in attempting to explain things, because the more we are committed to unnecessarily, the more we have to be wrong about. In effect, although he doesn’t come right out and say so, Baier is relying on principles like Ockham’s Razor when he suggests that science has made religious, theistic worldviews like Christianity unacceptable. Postulating God in addition to the natural world that science can explain is to postulate an unnecessary entity. If that is correct, then it would seem that the only rational thing to do is to accept the likes of Premise 2 of the Nihilist's Worry. But maybe this isn't correct: maybe all else is not equal, in the sense that the hypothesis of...
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This document was uploaded on 03/12/2014 for the course PHIL 1000 at UWO.

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