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So we wont explore the first couple of objections and

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Unformatted text preview: lways have existed.) P1 Every contingent being requires _______________________________________________________________. P2 The natural world as a whole (like everything within it) is a contingent being. C Therefore, the natural world as a whole requires something else—i.e., the necessary being we call God—to explain it. (Here, the name comes from the Greek word for world, cosmos.) The Teleological Argument (William Paley, c. 1790) (aka the Argument from Design) P1 The natural world manifests ___________________________________________________________________. P2 A high degree of complexity and order implies purposeful design. C1 Therefore, there is purposeful design behind the natural world. P3 Purposeful design implies ______________________________________________________________________. C2 Therefore, there is a designer behind the natural world, i.e., God. Even if we agree with Baier's (unstated) assumption that none of these traditional theistic arguments is any good, and hence are inclined with him to think that principles like Ockham's Razor render the hypothesis of theism unnecessary, we may still be inclined to think that there are certain problems with the world view of scientific atheism, which abandons the hypothesis of theism. Baier goes on to consider such problems by addressing certain common objections to the world view of scientific atheism. 4 The first couple of objections that Baier considers (in the section of his essay entitled "The Explanation of the Universe," pp. 84- 99) have to do with causes and explanations of the natural world. These objections, however, are really just variations on traditional theistic arguments like the Cosmological Argument and the Teleological Argument, and Baier's (long and complicated) responses...
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