Bouchard and Fragonard - From Rococo to Romanticism Boucher and Fragonard Fragonard = climax of Rococo in France 1 Gustaf Lundberg Portrait of Francois

Bouchard and Fragonard - From Rococo to Romanticism Boucher...

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From Rococo to Romanticism 1/25/12 Boucher and Fragonard Fragonard = climax of Rococo in France 1. Gustaf Lundberg, Portrait of Francois Boucher, 1742 Boucher = one of the most prominent and well-known artists of his time. Well-liked by many monarchies. Career peaked in the 1740s – then he became the favored portraitist of Madame de Pompadour (mistress of Louis 15) Did a lot of religious images (also commissioned by M. de Pompadour) 1765 – named first painter of the King – one of the wealthiest and most celebrated artists of his day Target for critics of Rococo… loved or despised him 2. Boucher, Vulcan Presenting Venus with Arms for Aeneas, 1732 His first ambitious painting Largest, first major statement as an artist Quite influenced by Watteau More striking than Watteau’s work… brushwork is very visible, bold, sharpness in the way that he delineates figures Classical mythology: Venus needed to seduce her husband Nude and almost nude bodies, figures turned in every direction = maximum visual pleasure Use of classical mythology for the representation of erotic subjects and sensuality 3. Boucher, Madame de Pompadour, 1756 Madame de Pompadour: middle class origins (not aristocratic), considered to be very beautiful, well-educated, mistress of King Louis XV, stayed in his court as a close advisor to him after their affair, very skillful at using visual imagery to craft an identity for herself – to heighten her status in court (circle of Louis XV), needed to reinvent herself in order to fit into aristocratic society The portraits are not meant to be realism – not a lot of likeness to her (not the purpose), the purpose went beyond physical likeness to show her status… a lot of influence, big patroness of the arts, 5 year relationship with King, member of the bourgeoisie but took on the manners, behaviors, appearances of the aristocracy Painting is a means of disseminating that “image” to the court Evidence of her knowledge of literature, philosophy = texts and pamphlets scattered around the painting Very luxurious surroundings = refined aesthetic taste Various engravings scattered that she made herself = showing off artistic talents… some engravings are made based on Boucher’s previous works = connects the two people and links them together as both artists… likens them. Flattering to M. de Pompadour because she is represented in dialogue with one of the greatest artists of her day
4. Boucher, Madame de Pompadour at her Toilette, 1758 Covered in ribbons, powders, makeup, box of rouge and small brush that she applies to her cheeks… pink and white shades, little touches of blue Very feminine, delicate palette = emphasizing finery and luxurious dress Bracelet: directly under her face, the face of King Louis XV = double portrait, this image asserts/affirms their relationship and the connection between them which also asserts her authority as mistress

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