1190827037 - CONSTITUTIONALISM AND ABSOLUTISM A....

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CONSTITUTIONALISM AND ABSOLUTISM A. INTRODUCTION -republic = a state in which government is representative, and usually, ruled by laws (e.g. England and the Dutch republic) -absolute monarchies: France, Prussia, Austria, Sweden and Russia B. BACKGROUND TO CONSTITUTIONALISM: THE CASE OF ENGLAND -King Henry I, 12 th century Charter of Liberties (a series of decrees and assurances) -under Henry III, Parliament emerged in the 13 th century -two houses: House of Lords (composed of influential nobles) and the House of Commons (compiled of influential members of the middle class) C. KING CHARLES I VS. PARLIAMENT I. Conflict with Parliament -Charles I (r. 1625-1649) succeeded his father King James I (r. 1566-1625) -Petition of Right: promise not to levy taxes without the consent of Parliament -“ship money” = a levy on seaports in times of emergency II. The Religious Dimension 1) Puritans: the English version of Calvinism 2) Scottish Presbyterian Church, established as the Scottish national church in the 1560s
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Varga-harris during the Spring '08 term at Illinois State.

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1190827037 - CONSTITUTIONALISM AND ABSOLUTISM A....

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