1190827069 - ENLIGHTENMENT SOCIETY A. INTRODUCTION...

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ENLIGHTENMENT SOCIETY A. INTRODUCTION - philosophes : the “practitioners” of the Enlightenment, intellectual elites B. THE IDEAS I. Reason (from a scientific ethos) -deists: believed that God had created the universe (first cause), but that God did not intervene in the world -empiricism: important in the scientific method, the use of evidence to support theories and assumptions -John Locke and his An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690); each individual as a tabula rasa (“blank slate”) at birth II. Utility -e.g. in 1776, Jeremy Bentham posited that laws should be judged by their social utility, or whether or not they provide “the greatest good for the greatest number” of people (“Does it work?”) III. Sentiment and Feeling (in contrast to the artifice of the higher orders) C. PHASES I. “E arly Enlightenment -roughly the first half of the 18 th century, and directly reflected the influence of the Scientific Revolution II. “High Enlightenment -from
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Varga-harris during the Spring '08 term at Illinois State.

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1190827069 - ENLIGHTENMENT SOCIETY A. INTRODUCTION...

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