1194190533 - FROM PEACE TO COLD WAR A. INTRODUCTION -Iwo...

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FROM PEACE TO COLD WAR A. INTRODUCTION -Iwo Jima (March 1945) and Okinawa (April 1945) -President Harry S. Truman; August 6 th , 1945: atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima -August 9 th : atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki -August 14 th , 1945: Japan surrendered B. THE PEACE AGREEMENTS I. The Yalta Agreement -signed in 1945 by the “big three” (Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin) II. Potsdam -Prime Minister Clement Attlee III. Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan -central to the United States policy of Containment -the Soviet Union and the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) C. THE MAKING OF THE EAST BLOC I. Asserting Soviet Control -1947: Cominform (the Communist Information Bureau) -Czechoslovak case: -death of Jan Masaryk -June 1948: socialist President Edouard Bene š forced to resign and replaced by Communist leader Klement Gottwald -the death of Bene š – deprived the country of significant non-Communist political figure -Czech Popular Democratic Republic “born” -Slansky Trials
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1194190533 - FROM PEACE TO COLD WAR A. INTRODUCTION -Iwo...

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